Bankruptcy court has jurisdiction over the debtor's (your) estateWhen you file bankruptcy, your property and debts are subject to the jurisdiction of the bankruptcy court. These assets and debts are referred to as the "debtor's estate." The estate includes the debtor's (your) interest in all property, including the debtor's interest in community property that is under the debtor's management and control. Also included is property the debtor acquired within 180 days after filing, such as an inheritance, marital settlement property, or proceeds from a life insurance policy. The bankruptcy court also has jurisdiction over any property the estate acquires after filing bankruptcy.
Categories of assets and debtsThere are two categories of assets:
Assets under the jurisdiction of the bankruptcy courtThe assets of an individual debtor that are under the jurisdiction of the bankruptcy court include:
- Money in checking and/or savings accounts.
- Property the debtor receives by inheritance, property settlement agreement or life insurance policy within 180 days of filing.
- Real property.
- Household goods.
- Literary works.
- Insurance policies.
- Money owed to the debtor.
- Lawsuits in which the debtor is a plaintiff.
- Animals (in some cases).