Be aware of your immigration statusPeople may have one of several immigration statuses: citizens, permanent or temporary resident aliens, refugees, non-immigrant visa holders or undocumented aliens. For criminal convictions, the important dividing line is between citizens and others. Citizens cannot be deported or excluded from the U.S. while others can be. You may even be a citizen without knowing it. For example, you may be a citizen under the following circumstances:
- You were born in the U.S. or a territory (Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands) and raised elsewhere.
- You acquired citizenship through a parent or grandparent’s birth in the U.S.
- You acquired citizenship because a parent became a naturalized U.S. citizen while the you were a minor.